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2017年肇庆学院本科插班生考试大纲 (综合英语)

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2017年肇庆学院本科插班生考试大纲
(综合英语)
Ⅰ.考试性质
普通高等学校本科插班生(又称专插本)招生考试是由专科毕业生参加的选拔性考试。高等学校根据考生的成绩,按照已确定的招生计划,德、智、体全面衡量,择优录取。因此,本科插班生考试应有较高信度、效度、必要的区分度和适当的难度。
Ⅱ.考试内容及要求
    综合英语是英语专业基础阶段的必修课程,它是以培养和提高学生综合运用英语能力为目标的一门综合英语技能课。它是集听、说、读、写、译为一体,对听、说、读、写、译的训练,要把多种基本技能的训练有机地结合起来。
第一部分词汇与语法,主要考查考生对英语词汇与语法知识的掌握情况。词汇考查学生认知并掌握一定数量的英语词汇,固定词组,了解词的不同级别以及同义词、反义词的初步知识,认知词汇共达5500-6500个,能正确并熟练运用其中的3000-4000个及其最基本的搭配。语法考查学生掌握构词法;掌握各种时态、语态及用法;掌握动词不定式、分词、动名词的用法;掌握主谓一致关系;掌握直接引语、间接引语的用法;掌握复合句句型。熟练掌握各种复合句;掌握句子之间与段落之间的衔接关系,能正确使用虚拟语气和倒装结构语句。熟练地使用各种连接手段,连贯地表达思想。
第二部分完型填空,主要考查考生理解短文并运用英语的能力。要求考生在全面理解所给短文内容的基础上选择一个最佳答案使短文的意思和结构恢复完整。
第三部分阅读理解,主要考查考生从阅读材料中获取信息并回答所附问题的能力。要求考生能读懂英美国家出版的中等难度的文章和材料,掌握所读材料的主旨和大意。要求考生根据所提供的4篇短文的内容(短文总阅读量不少于1200个英文单词),从每小题所给的4个答案选项中选现最佳选项。该部分主要考查:⑴ 根据上下文猜测某个词或词组的具体含义;⑵ 对文中某句话的释义或言外之意的理解;⑶ 寻找文中重要具体信息(如数字、人名、地名等);⑷ 概括短文的中心思想、话题或合适的标题。⑸ 判断作者的态度,观点或者写作目的;⑹根据短文的内容进行推断。
第四部分便条写作,要求根据提示写大约50--60词的通知、便条、请贴等。要求格式正确,语言得体。
第五部分写作,要求根据所出的题目和列出的写作提纲或图表、数字统计表等(也附有写作提纲)写一篇200词左右的短文。能做到内容切题、完整、条理清楚,文章结构严谨,语法正确,语言通顺恰当。
Ⅲ. 考试形式及试卷结构
    一、考试形式:
闭卷、笔试,考试时间为120分钟,试卷满分为100分。考生使用答题卡答题。
二、试题题型及赋分:试卷包括客观性试题和主观性试题。客观性试题主要测试考生对英语词汇与语法结构、完型填空、阅读理解等三个部分;主观性试题主要测试考生的英语写作能力。
试卷结构
试题内容 题量 分值
客观性试题 第一部分:词汇与语法结构 20 20
第二部分:完型填空 15 15
第三部分:阅读理解 20 40
主观性试题 第四部分:便条写作    1   10
第五部分:写作 1 15
合计 57 100
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
三、题型考查要求
第一部分:词汇与语法结构(Vocabulary and Structure)(20%),每小题1分,本部分共20小题,。  
第二部分:完型填空(Cloze)(15%),每小题1分,本部分共15小题,。主要考查考生理解短文并运用英语的能力。
第三部分: 阅读理解(Reading Comprehension)(40%),每小题2分,本部分共20小题,40分。
    第四部分:便条写作(Note-Writing)(10%),本题满分为10分。
第五部分:写作(Composition-Writing)(15%),要求根据所出的题目和列出的提纲或图表,数字统计表等写一篇200字左右的短文,要求内容切题,完整,条理清楚,文章结构严谨,语言通顺恰当。本题满分为15分。
Ⅳ.题型示例
Part Ⅰ Vocabulary and Structure (20%)
 Direction : There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part . For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence,and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet
1. The old paper mill has been ______ to make way for a new shopping.
A. held down       B. kept down          C. cut down       D. torn down
2. If you don’t like to swim, you_____ as well stay at home.
A. may       B. would        C. can          D. should
Part II  Cloze (15%)
Directions :  There are 15 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. You should choose the one that bset fit into the passage, and then matk the correponding letter on the Answer Sheet .
In the same way, all children are not influenced 14  by toys and games, reading matter, and television programs. As in the case of a dramatic change in family relations, the 15 of an activity or experience depends on how the child interprets it.
14.A.even       B. at all        C. alike        D. as a whole
15.A.result     B. effect        C. scale        D. cause
 
Part III  Reading Comprehension(40%)
Directions : In this section there are four passages.Each one is followed by five questions or unfinished statements.Beneath each question or unfinished statemnent,there are four suggested answers markedA,B,C and D.Choose the one that you think is the best ,and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet .
Passage One
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.
    In recent years, scientists have found that the laser has a wide variety of applications, making it one of the most important inventions for improving our quality of life.
  One important field in which the laser has many applications is communications. Scientists have found that the laser beam can transmit human voices; as a result, telephone companies are now using laser light signals to transmit telephone calls through extremely small cables that are capable of carrying many more transmissions than the standard telephone cables. An additional advantage is that these systems using the laser light signals are also able to transmit video telephone conversations.
  Another, perhaps less-known, filed in which lasers are helping improve the quality of life is metrology—the science of measurement. The extremely straight, narrow laser beam can be used to put the parts of a structure being built into the correct position to each other. The laser beam has also been used to measure remote distances, for example, the precise distance from the Earth to the Moon. And finally, the laser can be used to measure the drifts of the Earth’s plates. This measurement, along with other data, can help in the prediction of the earthquakes.
  Probably the most vital application of the laser is in the field of medicine. Scientists have developed a laser knife that surgeons can use for operations. These knives are now used widely because they cut sharply and because the beam seals off the blood vessels that it cuts, thus reducing blood loss considerably.
  When Dr. Theodore got the first laser to work in July 1960, what uses it would have were unknown; in fact he called it a multimillion-dollar “solution in search of a problem”. As we have seen, the uses of the laser are numerous. It is being used in the fields of medicine, communications, and metrology. There are many, many more applications, such as in the areas of defense and space travel. What should be apparent by now is that there are many problems the laser is helping to solve, and that the laser, if used wisely, can be a life-saving device.
                                                                 
1. According to the text, the laser can _________.
A) standardize telephone cables
B) remove communications jams
C) improve the quality of human voices
D) increase the capacity of communications
2. From the text we learn that the laser can _________.
A) cut a structure from a right position
B) design parts of a complex structure
C) measure the distance between planets
D) predict the movement of earth’s plates
3. The writer thinks the most important use of the laser is in the field of ________.
A) medical treatment
B) national defense
C) space travel
D) metrology
4. From the last paragraph, we can see that the uses of the laser ________.
A) are yet to be simplified
B) are expanding all the time
C) remain an ideal in imagination
D) remain an issue beyond solution
5. The best title of the text might be ________.
A) The laser: A Scientific & Technological Wonder
B) The Laser: A Powerful Tool for Communications
C) The Laser: A Solution to Life-Saving Problems
D) The Laser: A Multimillion Dollar Invention
 
 Part Ⅳ Note-Writing(10%)
    Directions: This part is to test your ability in practical writing. Now you are required to write on ANSWER SHEET  a note of about 50-60 words based on the following situation:
You, as head of the company, are planning to hold a general meeting of the whole staff.You want to make an appointment with your colleague, Lynn, to discuss the time and place of the meeting. Write him a note, making an appointment.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness.
Part V. Writing (15)
WILL TAKING TRAINING COURSRS HELP?
It is popular that many students enroll in training courses to pass CET-4,TEM-4,etc. But is it useful to take training courses? What is your opinion?
 
Will taking training courses help?
You are to write in three parts.
In the first part, state specifically what your view is.
In the second part, support your view with one or two reasons.
In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or a summary.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.
思想内容50%
组织结构10%
语言--语法20%,用词15%, 得体5%
优秀15-14分
良好13-11分
中等11-9分
及格8-6分
不及格5分以下
Ⅴ.参考书目
《新编英语教程》(第三版),上海外国语大学的李观仪、梅德明等主编,上海外语教育出版社出版,2012年9月。
 
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2017年肇庆学院本科插班生考试大纲
(英语语法)
Ⅰ.考试性质
普通高等学校本科插班生(又称专插本)招生考试是由专科毕业生参加的选拔性考试。高等学校根据考生的成绩,按照已确定的招生计划,德、智、体全面衡量,择优录取。因此,本科插班生考试应有较高信度、效度、必要的区分度和适当的难度。
Ⅱ.考试内容及要求
1. 名词和名词词组: 名词分类和名词词组的句法功能;名词的数;单位词;名词属格的构成、意义和用法;独立属格和双重属格。
2. 限定词:  限定词与三类名词的搭配关系;限定词与限定词的搭配关系;若干限定词用法比较;冠词的类指和特指;各类名词前的冠词用法。
3. 代词:代词及其先行项的“数”的一致;代词及其先行项的“性”的一致;代词及其先行项的“人称”一致;代词的格;物主代词、反身代词、人称代词的类指用法;代词照应。
4. 动词的时和体:一般现在时的用法;一般过去时的用法;现在进行体的用法;过去进行体的用法;现在完成体和现在完成进行体的用法;过去完成体和过去完成进行体的用法;表示将来时间的多种结构;过去将来时间表示法。
5. 被动态: 主动句和被动句;词组动词的被动态;非限定动词的被动态;被动句的用法;被动结构和被动意义。
6. 虚拟式: be-型虚拟式;were-型虚拟式;假设意义表示法。
7. 助动词: 情态意义表示法;情态助动词的推测性用法和非推测性用法;半助动词;助动词的缩略形式。
8. 不定式: 不定式的结构形式;不定式与形容词的搭配关系;不定式与名词的搭配关系;不定式与动词的搭配关系。
9. -ING分词: -ing分词与协词的搭配关系;既能直接带不定式又能直带-ing分词的动词。
10. -ED分词: -ed分词作前置修饰语;-ed分词作补语;“悬垂分词”的用法.
11. 形容词和形容词词组:  形容词分类;形容词与分词;形容词(词组)作名词修饰语;形容词词组作补语。
12. 副词和副词词组: 副词和副词词组的主要用法;兼有两种形式的副词。
13. 比较等级和比较结构: 形容词和副词的比较等级;比较结构。
14. 介词和介词组: 介词与形容词、动词、名词的搭配关系;复杂介词;介词词组与某些限定分句的转换关系。
15. 陈述句、疑问句、祈使句、感叹句: 陈述句;疑问句;祈使句和感叹句
16. 存在句:存在句的结构特征;存在句的非限定形式
17. IT-句型: “虚义”it 和“先行”it;“分裂句引导词”it。
18. 并列结构: 并列结构的各种形式;并列连词的意义和用法。
19. 从属结构: 并列与从属;限定从属分句;不定式分句;-ing分词分句;-ed分词分句;无动词分句;“独立结构”的结构与用法。
20. 关系分句: 限制性关系分句与非限制性关系分句关系词的选择;由“介词+关系代词”引导的分句结构;双重关系分句和嵌入式关系分句
21. 条件句: 四种类型条件句的用法。
22. 直接引语和间接引语: 陈述句的间接引语;疑问句的间接引语;祈使句和感叹句的间接引语;各类句子混杂使用时的间接引语。
23. 省略: 并列结构中的省略现象;主从结构中的省略现象
24. 后置、前置、倒装:后置;前置与倒装。
25. 句型转换:基本句型及其转换与扩大;简单句与复合句的转换;主动句与被动句的转换;真实句与虚拟句的转换。
26. 主谓一致: 指导原则;以-s结尾的名词作主语的主谓一致问题;以集体名词作主语的主谓一致问题;以并列结构作主语的主谓一致问题;以表示数量概念的名词词组作主语的主谓一致问题;其他方面的主谓一致问题。
Ⅲ. 考试形式及试卷结构
    一、考试形式:
闭卷、笔试,考试时间为120分钟,试卷满分为100分。考生使用答题卡答题。
二、试题题型及赋分:试卷包括客观题和主观题。客观题全面测试考生对英语语法知识的掌握程度;主观题主要测试考生语法实际运用能力。
试卷结构
试题内容 题量 赋分
客观题 第一部分:多项选择 约40 40
第二部分:完型填空 约10 约10
主观题 第三部分:选词填空 约10 约20
第四部分:句型转换 约10 约20
第五部分:句子汉译英 约5 约10
合计   约75 约100
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
三、题型考查要求
第一部分  多项选择(Multiple Choice)(40%)
本部分共40小题,每小题1分。本部分全面测试考生对英语语法知识的掌握程度。测试内容参见《新编英语语法教程》(章振邦主编,上海外文出版社出版)。
第二部分  完形填空(Cloze)(10%)
本部分共10小题,每小题1分。主要考查考生英语动词时态、语态、情态、动词的非谓语形式、介词搭配、各类从句的用法等语法知识。
第三部分  选词填空(Fill in the Blanks with the Correct Forms of the Words Given)(20%)
本部分共10小题,每小题2分。主要考查考生在理解句子含义的基础上,正确运用所给动词、名词、形容词、副词的正确形式填空。考查考生限定性运用语法的能力。
第四部分  句型转换(Sentence Transformation)(20%)
本部分共10小题,每小题2分。该部分主要考查考生按照要求改写句子,或者组合句子。内容主要包括简单句与复合句的转换;主动句与被动句的转换;真实句与虚拟句的转换。主要考查考生综合运用英语句子结构表达意思的能力。
第五部分   句子汉译英(Sentence Translation from Chinese to English)(10%)
本部分要求考生翻译5个汉语句子,每个句子2分。每个句子里都隐含有语法考点,其中包括各类词的用法、动词的时态、语态、情态、非限定动词等语法知识,目的在于考查考生语法的实际运用能力。
Ⅳ.题型示例
Part Ⅰ Multiple Choice(40%)
1. These books, which you can get at any bookshop, will give you __________ you need.  
       A. all the information        B. all the informations
       C. all of information         D. all of the informations
2. He told us that he would begin the dictation when we________ ready.
A. will be    B. would be    C. were    D. are 
Part II Cloze(10%)
Tea drinking was common in China for nearly one thousand years before anyone in Europe  (1)  about tea. People in Britain were much slower in  (2) out what tea was like, mainly because tea was very expensive. It  (3)_  in shops and even those people who could afford to have it _(4)_ from Holland did so only because it was a fashionable curiosity. Some of them were not sure how to use it. They thought it was a vegetable and tried _(5)_ the leaves.
  1. A) heard   B) ever have heard   C) had ever heard  D) hearing  
  2. A) finds   B) finding          C) being found     D) to find
  3. A) must not be bought    B) was not bought   C) is bought    D) could not be bought
  4. A) sending   B) to send   C) sent      D) send
  5. A) to cook   B) cooking   C) cook     D) cooked
Part III  Fill in the Blanks with the Correct Forms of the Words Given(20%)
1. The mayor of the town is a ___  (respect) old man.   
2. Mr. James ____ (drive) a city bus for over twenty-five years before retirement.  
Part IV  Sentence Transformation. Rewrite the following sentences as required (20%)
1. People introduced printing into Europe from China long time ago.
(Rewrite the sentence with the passive voice.)
2. He heard the news. And he burst into tears. (Combine the two sentences into one by using a non-finite verb)
Part V  Sentence Translation from Chinese to English (10%)
1. 每天睡觉之前散散步可以让你容易入睡。
2. 要不是我们早点发现,他就把所有的钱都花完了。
Ⅴ.参考书目
1.《实用英语语法》张道真主编,外语教学与研究出版社,2002年5月。
2.《大学英语语法教程》何高大主编,外语教学与研究出版社,2012年4月。
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2017年肇庆学院本科插班生考试大纲
(翻译)
Ⅰ考试性质
 本考试属于英语语言的综合能力考试,旨在检测考生在基础阶段是否达到教学大纲所规定的各项要求,考核学生掌握翻译基本知识和技巧、熟悉英汉两种语言基本特点的情况,以及运用翻译理论知识和技巧解释双语现象的能力和实际汉英互译的能力。通过考试选拨优秀的英语专科毕业生升入英语专业本科高年级阶段学习。
 
Ⅱ. 考试内容及要求
一、考试内容
英语语言基础测试主要检验应试者对英语词汇、语法的掌握程度,以及阅读理解、推理与释义等能力。
英汉翻译基础测试主要检验应试者双语互译的基本技巧和能力。考试涉及英汉两种语言与文化的差异比较,以及下列英汉互译常用的方法和技巧:词义的选择、词类的转换、词的增减;重复法、语序调整、正反译法、拆译法、缩译法、被动式的翻译、长句的翻译等
    二、考试基本要求
  1. 有较好的双语基础。
  2. 初步了解中国和英语国家的文化背景知识。
  3. 有一定的批判性思维能力。
  4. 能够翻译一般难度文章,基本把握文章主旨,译文基本忠实原文的事实和细节。
III.考试形式及试卷结构
一、考试形式
闭卷、笔试,考试时间为120分钟,试卷满分为100分。
二、试卷结构
笔译综合能力测试分为三个部分:英语词汇与语法,阅读理解、完形填空。笔译实务测试分为两个部分:第一部分为单句翻译,分A、B两节。A节为英译汉,有5个句子;B节为汉译英,有5个句子。第二部分为短文翻译,分A、B两节,A节是英译汉,要求考生将一篇约200词的英语短文译成汉语;B节为汉译英,要求考生将一篇约200字的汉语短文译成英语。
题型和分值分配如下:
 
题号 题型 分值
I 词汇与语法 10分
II 阅读理解 20分
III 阅读填空 10分
IV   短语翻译/句子翻译 /思考题(三选一) 10分
V 短文翻译(英汉互译) 50分
Ⅳ.题型示例
Part I: Vocabulary Selection (10 points)
In this part, there are 10 incomplete sentences. Below each sentence, there are 4 choices respectively marked by letters A, B, C and D. Choose the word or phrase which best completes each sentence. There is only ONE right answer. Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your Machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
1.     We have had to raise the prices of our products because of the increase in the cost of ______ materials.
     A. primitive                    B. rough
     C. original                    D. raw
Part II: Reading Comprehension (20 points)
In this section you will find after each of the passages a number of questions or unfinished statements about the passage, each with 4 (A, B, C and D) choices to complete the statement. You must choose the one which you think fits best. Then blacken the corresponding letter as required on your Machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
Part III: Fill the blanks. (10 points)
In the following passage, there are 20 blanks representing words that are missing from the context. You are to put back in each of the blanks the missing word. Write your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. 
 
Part IV(以下题型三选一)
1. Answer the following question. (10 points)
假设有这样一句台词“早上好!表妹”,这句话应如何译?为什么?
2. Translate the following phrases. (10points)
如:油漆未干
3. Translate the following sentences. (10points)
如:John can be relied on. He eats no fish and plays the game.
 
Part VPassage Translation (50 points)
Section A: Translate the following passage from English to Chinese.
The air we breathe is so freely available that we take it for granted. Yet without it we could not survive more than a few minutes. For the most part, the same air is available to everyone, and everyone needs it. Some people use the air to sustain them while they sit around and feel sorry for themselves. Others breathe in the air and use the energy it provides to make a magnificent life for themselves.
Opportunity is the same way. It is everywhere. Opportunity is so freely available that we take it for granted. Yet opportunity alone is not enough to create success. Opportunity must be seized and acted upon in order to have value. So many people are so anxious to "get in" on a "ground floor opportunity", as if the opportunity will do all the work.
Just as you need air to breathe, you need opportunity to succeed. It takes more than just breathing in the fresh air of opportunity, however. You must make use of that opportunity. That's not up to the opportunity. That's up to you. It doesn't matter what "floor" the opportunity is on. What matters is what you do with it.  
Section B: Translate the following passage from Chinese to English.
徐霞客一生周游考察了十六个省,足迹几乎遍及全国。他在考察的过程中,从来不盲目迷信书本上的结论。他发现前人研究地理的记载有许多很不可靠的地方。为了进行真实细致的考察,他很少乘车坐船,几乎全靠双脚翻山越岭,长途跋涉;为了弄清大自然的真相,他总是挑选道路艰险的山区,人迹稀少的森林进行考察,发现了许多奇山秀景;他常常选择不同的时间和季节,多次重游各地名山,反复观察变换的奇景。
 
V.参考书目

《英汉互译实用教程》(第四版)郭著章等编著,武汉大学出版社,2010年9月。


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